In view of the ever-increasing demand for renewable energies, battery and energy storage/conversion research is of great importance to the research community. With scanning probe microscopies, the latest research questions can be tackled.

The research for new energy materials ranges from electrode material for batteries and fuel cells, novel catalysts, membrane materials or novel materials for energy storage, such as supercapacitors.

During the charging of Li-ion batteries, the formation of a solid-electrolyte interphase takes place on the anode surface. It consists of decomposed electrolyte molecules that start blocking the surface. The process is unavoidable, but limited to a finite thickness, because it is impenetrable for electrolyte molecules. The intercalation of Li-ions can still take place due to their small size.

With SECM, the formation of the SEI can be studied in-situ and its local properties are characterized with high lateral resolution. Doing this, questions such as the potential dependence on the SEI formation, film morphology, and electrical properties can be answered.